Diabetes is a metabolic disease. In our body, due to metabolic disorder due to the complete or relative deficiency of the hormone called insulin, the amount of glucose in the blood increases and once it comes out with urine. This overall condition is called diabetes. The amount of glucose in the blood increases last longer. The amount of glucose in the plasma of the healthy person is less than 5.6 ml in the free state and the food is less than 7.8 ml after two hours. Glucose level of glucose in the plasma of the blood, or more than 7.1 ml of glucose, after two hours of blood glucose, blood glucose levels are more than 11.1 ml if it is considered to be diabetes.
Insulin Resistance Key:
Insulin resistance is a physical condition where insulin is made in the body. But that does not work properly, that does not reduce blood glucose levels properly. If someone has insulin resistance in their body then their diabetes occurs, usually type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance usually increases the level of glucose in the blood, there is confusion. The brain develops, the weight increases. Fat accumulates on the body, blood pressure increases, hunger and thirst increase more than usual.
- Frequent urination
- Too much thirsty
- Get more hunger
D Weight loss despite eating enough
- Feeling fatigue and weakness
- Delay to wound dry
G Skin disorders such as scabies, boil etc. appear
- Low vision
The way to diagnose diabetes:
Diabetes is diagnosed by measuring an1% of blood glucose levels. The amount of glucose in a healthy person’s blood plasma is less than 6.1 ml of free, and after 2 hours of food, less than 7.8 ml of mol or 2 hours after eating 75 grams of glucose, the amount of glucose in the blood plasma is less than 11.1 millimol. Glucose is 0.06 ml or more in the blood plasma of any person, and after 2 hours of eating food or 75 grams of glucose, the amount of glucose in the blood plasma of 11.1 ml or more or blood donation of 6.5% If more, he is diagnosed as a diabetes patient.
Types of diabetes and their differences:
Type-1, 2. Type-2, 3 Pregnancy diabetes. 4. Other specific reasons include:
In such patients, insulin is not completely made in the body. Usually, such type of diabetes is seen at 30 years of age. These patients have to take insulin injections to control diabetes. Otherwise, the blood sugar has increased rapidly and soon after the death of an unknown amount of blood, it is unconscious.
The patient of this class is mostly 30 years old. Nowadays, this number of patients are presenting under thirty years of age and growing day by day. Insulin is made in their body. However, if insulin injection is not necessary, they are not poisoned like type-1 patient. That is, they are not dependent on insulin. In many cases it is possible to treat them with changes in diet and regular exercise.
Maternal diabetes is diagnosed many times during pregnancy. Diabetes is not present after delivery. This type of complexity is called pregnancy diabetes. Pregnant women can be dangerous for both pregnant women and pregnant babies if diabetes occurs. In order to avoid danger, it is important to keep in control under insulin during pregnancy.
Other specific reasons include:
- Genetic reasons are low in insulin production.
- Decreasing the effectiveness of insulin for genetic reasons.
- Pancreatic diseases
D Lots of other hormones
- Medicines and chemicals contact.
Reasons to Diabetes:
Anyone at any age can be infected with diabetes at any time. However, the following people are more likely to have diabetes:
- Those who have a family of diabetes, especially related to parents or blood.
- Those who have a lot of weight and who do not do any work of exercise or physical work.
- Those who have used cortisol drugs for a long time.
D Women who had diabetes during pregnancy, and women who gave birth to over 9 pounds.
- Those who have blood pressure and cholesterol in the blood is high.
What is maternal diabetes?
Diabetes is diagnosed after pregnancy. And after delivery, the amount of glucose in the blood becomes normal. She is called maternal diabetes. In pregnancy, the mother’s body needs more insulin than usual, to keep the amount of blood glucose normal. If the body is unable to make this insulin, then the pregnancy of pregnant mother increases the amount of glucose in the blood during pregnancy, that is, maternal diabetes. Placental hormones are also responsible for maternal diabetes.
What kind of complications can be triggered by diabetes?
Paralysis In the complexity of nervous system, cardiovascular disease, deleterious lesions, liver disease, urinary excretion, and subsequent kidney failure. Thin louse, tuberculosis, inflammation of the gums, itching, boil, scab, etc. Moreover, due to the disease, the decrease in sexual intercourse. Women are more likely to have birth weight, birth of dead children, premature births, child birth after birth, and many types of birth defects can occur.
What to do in the management of diabetes?
There are four rules in the management of diabetes-
- Food system
- Efficient labor and exercise
- Diabetes Education
If diabetes is to follow a specific dietary regimen. The main objectives of keeping food rules are to keep diabetes under control and keep your health healthy.
Food Adoption Policy
- If the weight of the body is too low or less then increase the normalization and maintain it if it is normal.
- Sugar, sweet foods are excluded.
- Eat some sugary foods and eat it.
D Eat more of fennel foods.
- Eat less saturated fat and practice intake of unsaturated fat.
- Eat quantity of calorie foods.
G Eat food at certain times J. Do not skip eating any food.
Yes. Today is not short, do not eat more like this.
Efficient labor and exercise:
The role of exercise or body exercises on disease control is very important. Exercise or physical exertion helps in the movement of muscles and helps in movement of blood. The body is healthy As a result, the effectiveness of insulin increases. The body will be healthy enough for at least 30 minutes daily and walking for at least 5 days a week.
All diabetics have to follow food, exercise and discipline. Disease control, especially if it is suitable for elderly patients, can be controlled. But type-1 diabetes patients need insulin injections. Typ-2 diabetes patients have to use food pills and insulin if needed.
Diabetes is a life-long disease; It is possible to keep the disease in full control if proper action is taken. Therefore, for the treatment of this disease, patients need diabetes as well as education, as also the relatives of the patient should have knowledge about the disease. Because there is no alternative to education.